This is a list of monarchs who were Masons and it chronologically lists the individual monarchs according to the countries they governed, the monarchs who governed more than one country are listed in the country they are best known for, or the dominant nation in a personal union (i.e., Christian X is listed in Denmark and not in Iceland).
Those listed below were members of a Masonic lodge at some point in their lives.Some, such as Alexander I of Russia, would later outlaw Freemasonry in their territories, while others would continue to support the organization for the rest of their lives. Many members of the royal family have been rumored to be Masons, and two current royals are known to be part of the society. King Edward VII was particularly noteworthy; initiated into the brotherhood in 1868, he held several positions within the organization, including that of Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England.
King George IV and George III were also Masons. In addition, royal Masons used to hold leadership positions within the organization, allowing them to shape its direction and evolution. The British monarchy's links to Freemasonry date back to the 18th century and, over time, numerous royals have donned the apron of Freemasonry. Masonry's principles of brotherhood, morality, and philosophical enlightenment resonated with many members of the Royal Family, who saw in it an incarnation of their own values. John's Lodge, Providence, Rhode Island, who are Masons in the royal family, are admitted as members of San Juan. From covert handshakes to Masonic rituals, mystery surrounds the organization, which has ties to the British royal family.
The participation of royals in Masonic rituals, in which they interacted with members from diverse social strata, could well have influenced their perspectives and actions in the performance of their official duties. While it is difficult to quantify the direct influence of Freemasonry on real government and diplomacy, it is plausible that society's emphasis on universal brotherhood and mutual aid has had some impact. Freemasonry's ideals of equality and fraternity, according to which members meet “at the same level”, may have subtly influenced real perspectives on social and class responsibility. The mere fact that a monarch or royal became a Mason meant a tacit endorsement of society's ideals, reinforcing their position both in Britain and internationally. One of the first connections to royalty was Frederick, Prince of Wales, who started Freemasonry in 1737, and these links between royalty and freemasonry have persisted into the 21st century.
Just as Freemasonry influenced the monarchy, royalty also left its mark on society. Ultimately, the story of Masonry and the Royal Family is a testament to the enduring appeal of tradition, the power of shared values, and the intriguing interplay of influences.